Hello everyone…This is my third entry and for this entry I will write about TPACK. Have you heard TPACK before? The first time I met with this words was when I borrowed note from my friends which took the major in Science for secondary school. ‘T’ is stand for Technological, ‘P’ for Pegagogical, ‘C’ for Content and ‘K’ for Knowledge.
I found that it is very important for the teacher to understand this TPACK which really can help them in our teaching. And I’m glad that in the previous class of my PBEY 4103, we were discussed about TPACK and it helped to enhance my understanding.
Here is one of my lesson which I have incorporated TPAC.
Class : 2 Kreatif
Date : 13 July 2010
Time : 7.40-8.40 a.m
Enrolment : 35 pupils
Theme : World of Knowledge
Topic : In the Garden
Main Skill : Writing
Integrated Skill(s): Speaking, Listening
Previous knowledge: Pupils already have learnt about hibiscus, canna and morning glory.
4.3 Match words to linear and non-linear representations:
iii) word to picture, symbol
4.6 Spell correctly and take dictation.
4.3.2 Match words to signs, pictures.
4.6.1 Spell seen words.
Language Focus: (Noun) Hibiscus, rose, canna, sunflower, tulip, orchid, chrysanthemum, water lily, morning glory, bougainvillea.
At the end of the lesson, pupils will be able to:
i) Match word to picture correctly, at least 7 out of 10 questions.
ii) Spell words correctly, at least 7 out of 10 words.
-Learning how to learn skills.
Slides show, task sheets, relias (flowers).
For the set induction, I have bring some flowers to the classroom such as hibiscus, bougainvillea and morning glory and get the responses from pupils.
Using slides show, I flash the picture of the flowers. After I pronounced the words, the pupils need to follow and spell the words together.Besides, I also drills the pupils a few times.
In group, pupils need to match the word with the picture of flower. After discussing the answers, in group pupil need to write down the name of flowers when I flash the picture.
Discussion of the answers for activity during writing stage. Later, I played poison box. When the pupils get the box, they need to take out a piece of paper from it and tell the name of the flower printed on it.
Elicits moral values.
Now, I will discuss my lesson with relates to the TPACK.
The content knowledge that I have thought is mostly focus on the name and the correct spelling of the flowers. By referring to the information that I have given earlier, all the syllabus, curriculum, behavioral objective and learning outcomes which also comes under content knowledge are stated there.
Just a simple technology can help your teaching. For this lesson I just use a slides show to deliver the content knowledge. Pupils were excited to see the pictures of beautiful flower and it help me to capture their attention.However, maybe next time I can improved this lesson by using video with all the pictures, movement and music which appeal more to the pupils.
Besides, I also have played music using my laptop and speaker when I played the poison box.
There were a few pedagogical knowledge that I have been implemented in this lesson. There were:
1) Deductive learning strategy:
During set induction, I started with the question the parts of tree and later showing some flowers to them in order to relate the topic with their prior knowledge. Later on, I introduced all the 10 names of flowers. Therefore, I have used deductive learning strategy where I have introduced general knowledge with relating with their prior knowledge to the more specific knowledge.
1) Direct method:
During the pre-writing stage, I taught them about the name of the flowers using power point. This give them knowledge before the use the knowledge in the writing.
Drilling is one of the pedagogy that I have used. Drilling is one of the important stage according to behaviorist theory. Although drilling sometimes is viewed as a an old method of teaching, but I believed that somehow it do help in teaching. Especially in my classroom where my pupils have difficulty in memorizing the correct spelling.
3) Coo-operative learning.
I do believe that work in group can help the pupils to learn better, under a good supervision. Therefore, I let them to have discussions in group where they need to co-operate with each other. This may help pupils to reach their Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) with the help from their friends. During the group work I facilitated them in order to make sure everyone is involved with the discussion and to scaffold them if they need any help.
I hope that with integrate this TPACK in this lesson, it helped my pupils to understand the content knowledge better (And I think it does) .
TPACK--->it do help your teaching!
There is no specific ‘T-K’ or ‘P -K’ to teach ‘C-K’ because it is all depends on the pupils, the environment and the facilities that we have. Just choose the most suitable ‘T-K’ and ‘P-K’ with your pupils in order to help them understand ‘C-K’.
That’s all for now..See you in my next entry (^_^)